Information ... in other words ordered data. This is the basic definition of the word information. To understand the meaning of this concept more deeply, we present some excerpts from the work of professor dr. Gitta Werner, a specialist in the field of physics, mathematics, information technology, numerical technology, control technology, theory of systems and information theory. Professor Gitt has published numerous scientific papers in these field. Below is an extract from a lecture on the meaning of the word 'information'.
In the world we can see 3 major areas of research: matter, information and life. If we know the laws of nature, then we can get to know these three major areas. The laws of nature relating to the matter are very well known to us from physics and chemistry. The laws of nature in the relation to the information are brand new and not yet widely known. A great American mathematician, Norbert Wiener, said: "Information is information, not matter or energy. However, Wiener did not define information.
Information comprises immaterial basis of all technical systems and all biological systems. To exist and function, information needs: a code (for example, British alphabet, Russian alphabet, computer "language" 0-1), a sender, a recipient, content and devices processing it. Information and systems that support them can be found in human creations like: books, computer programs, musical compositions or technical drawings. We find them also in the biological structures of living organisms, esp. in the DNA molecule (quaternary code A, C, T, G, instructions and procedures written in this "language" ).
What is information? The definition of the natural sciences should be precise and clear. It must be strictly and clearly defined in its scope, ie it must include only defined objects and exclude everything else. For example, in the strict physics definition: energy = force x distance. We can not take into account the various colloquial meanings of energy. Also information should be defined strictly, not in everyday language.
Exact definition of information comprises five different levels. Information has the following features:
1. Statistics - information is distinguished by a specific rearrangement of its components.
2. Syntax - information is given in a logical system, which can be read - for example, grammatical rules, and Morse code.
3. Semantics - information has logical meaning as transfer of content - for example a train to Wroclaw will leave at 16:00, from platform 4.
4. Pragmatics - information is suitable for practical use such as actions and processes in physical and biological systems.
5. Apobetics - the use of information in the process of achieving results in a logical order.
If there is one of these features in a given code missing, this code is not information.
The laws of nature relating to information.
There are four laws of nature with respect to information:
1. Information is a fundamental immaterial entity, not a property of matter.
2. Material factors such as physical or chemical processes can not create non-material size.
3. Information can not arise in the statistical process since it does not then contain inter alia syntax, semantics.
4. Information can only come from an intelligent sender, ie creative, independently thinking, acting and having a purpose of its own.
Additional rights result from the fourth law:
4a. Each code is based on a mutual agreement between the sender and the receiver for consistent understanding of the five key features of the information.
4b. There is no new information without an intelligent sender.
4c. The entire chain of communication can be traced back up to the source of this information, which means to the intelligent sender. For example, when listening to the radio, we are aware that the radio is not the source of information, not radio aerial, but the sender of the program - a particular person. The sender may not always be visible, but it must always be if we are dealing with information.
Density and complexity of the information in the DNA suprass the technical possibilities of man relating to the informationa billion times. This implies that the sender of the information contained in the DNA must be highly intelligent. Programming even the simplest biological systems - organisms is extremely complicated, unattainable for IT professionals.
What is the source (sender) of information in biological systems? Biological information is stored in the DNA molecules on the basis of amino acids building proteins. There is no record of information about the greater spatial density of information than the DNA. DNA code contained in living organisms has all five essential characteristics of information. Hence if there is a code that meets the definition of information, there must be the sender of this code. This proposal clearly refutes atheism.